Acute stroke

These documents can be of use in the running of an acute stroke unit and in setting up thrombolysis service. Please click here for training in acute stroke clinical skills and CT interpretation.

West Midlands Ambulance Guidance for pre-alerting FAST positive stroke patients. Click here for a poster  illustrating triage via the FAST test. 

Stroke Pathway including SSNAP entry forms: a clinical pathway with triage for thrombolysis and clerking document for direct admission of stroke patients from A&E to the stroke unit.
-ICH pathway
Cerebral angio protocol
MRI safety procedures  in patients unable to answer safety questions
Image Exchange Portal for remote scan view (password needed)
ASU 72 hour MDT pathway (part 3 of stroke pathway)
TIA referral form
TIA clinic patient information sheet  
Carotid surgery referral 

Thrombolysis pathway for A&E: use this pathway to guide  therapeutic thrombolysis. Once thrombolysis has been performed print out the thrombolysis nurse care pathway for monitoring and further management. This must be started immediately and handed over to ward staff at the time of transfer. Access this link for  NIHSS forms and instructions.

Emergency management of complications of thrombolysis: includes instructions for the management of intracranial haemorrhage, extracranial bleeding, orolingual angiooedema, anaphylaxis, hypertension, and reperfusion cerebral oedema.

Thrombolysis Training Folder: the nursing pathway for thrombolysis, instructions on how to diagnose and treat complications, advice on tricky CTs and FAQs. Click here for a link to the alteplase product characteristics (SMPC).

Endovascular treatment for stroke (thrombectomy): this is should be considered in large MCA infarcts and in patients with vertebrobasilar artery occlusion. Please click links to access:
-Patient information leaflet
-Thrombectomy log
-Nurse pathway
-Thrombectomy protocol
-UK Consensus statement endovascular treatments for stroke

Please see NICE IPG548 for guidance and information.   

Decompressive hemicrainectomy for malignant MCA Syndrome: in young patients with middle large middle cerebral artery infarcts there is a risk of severe fatal cerebral oedema. Please click here for a pathway for decompressive hemicraniectomy.

The SITS thrombolysis register Participation will allow you to compare the results of your center with the rest of the UK and internationally. Other than the number of patients recruited, individual centre data are anonymised for all other users.  thee case record form can be printed directly from this link. Please click  here to enter a patient into the database, to register your hospital as a SITS centre and get a personal log in.

NICE guidance on Thrombolysis for stroke July 2007. Includes the full HTA appraisal, a summary document, information for patients and carers, as well as a costing template for the business case and recommendations for audit.

The Post Stroke Checklist for long-term follow-up

Web presentation: Risks and benefits of thrombolysis

Web presentation: A short Guide to CT After Stroke

Web presentation: Management of Acute Stroke

Web presentation: Diagnosis of acute stroke

Web presentation: Alteplase pharmacology

Web presentation: Indications for thrombolysis

Web presentation: Complications of thrombolysis

Web presentation: Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke

Web presentation: Management of Malignant Middle Cerebral Artery Syndrome (Decompressive hemicraniectomy)